The Hale's Tours -movie theatres disguised as train wagons- emerged in 1905 in the USA and are a privileged phenomenon for the discussion concerning the spectator in early cinema. From the examination of journals published in São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Porto Alegre between 1906 and 1908, this article aims to understand the relationships established between attraction and audience in thrill rides commercialized in Brazil at the time. To achieve that purpose, we will resort to other forms of circulation and consumption of 19th century images related to the travel experience.
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Author Name: Carolina Azevedo Di Giacomo
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Keywords: early cinema; spectator; passenger; Hale's Tours; railroad.