Thermodynamics serves as a basis for optimal solutions of the tasks of physiology, which are
solved by organisms in the characteristic process of life: evolution, development, homeostasis, and
adaptation. It is stated that the quasiequilibrium thermodynamics of quasiclosed complex systems
serves as an impetus of evolution, functions, and activities of all levels of biological systems’ organization.
This fact predetermines the use of Gibbs’ methods and leads to a hierarchical thermodynamics
in all spheres of physiology. The interaction of structurally related levels and sub-levels of
biological systems is determined by the thermodynamic principle of substance stability. Thus, life is
accompanied by a thermodynamic optimization of physiological functions of biological systems.
Living matter, while functioning and evolving, seeks the minimum of specific Gibbs free energy of
structure formation at all levels. The spontaneous search of this minimum takes place with participation
of not only spontaneous, but also non-spontaneous processes, initiated by the surrounding
environment. The hormone optimization of the treatment of various pathologies, presented by Dr.
Sergey A. Dzugan et al. demonstrates the effectiveness of their innovative medical approach.
Real Time Impact Factor:
Author Name: GEORGI GLADYSHEV
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Keywords: Gibbs energy, living matter, physiology, thermodynamics.