In modern era, the use of plastic product in different sector of industry is increasing day by day. The extensive use of plastic- a synthetic organic polymer derived from natural fossil fuel and persists in the nature for a very long time due to the lack of degradability, engenders negative impact on environment. Their disperse disposal in land and water arouses threats for human, wildlife and aqua life. Pervasive researches have been carried out on plastic degradation to find solution to overcome these environmental hazards allied with plastic waste. Biodegradation emerges as one of the promising solution to manage the plastic waste which could not be recycled. In biodegradation process microorganism and their enzymes are applied to degrade the synthetic and bio-based plastics. This review encompasses the current progress on biodegradation of various plastic polymers by microorganisms and analytical technique to determine the extent of degradation.
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Author Name: Shaila Siddiqua and Abdullah Al. Mamun
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Keywords: Biodegradation Environmental Pollution Synthetic Plastics Bio-Based Plastics Microorganisms