Human Genome Project is a worldwide scientific achievement. It was a thirteen-year project initiated in 1990 and completed in 2003. Human Genome Project helped a lot in the identification of diseased genes as DNA is very significant for understanding the diseased gene and their functions. It helped in the identification of disease loci for many diseases and presented their treatment through preventive measures. It identified the gene loci for many diseases like cancer, asthma, high blood pressure, diabetes type 2, obesity, Alzheimer's disease, Down's syndrome, Turner's syndrome, depression and many types of heart diseases including cardiovascular disease and coronary artery disease. This project does not directly treat the diseases but it helps in the identification of disease gene loci and then allows the treatment of disease through its preventive measures before the appearance of symptoms or at the initial stages of the disease through many techniques like gene therapy, pharmacogenomics, and targeted drug therapy. These are the helpful techniques in the diagnoses of the human disease gene locus.
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Author Name: Muhammad Arif Saleem, Ayesha Aslam & Mahwish Sajid Ahreen
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Keywords: Human Genome Project