Despite rising education levels and labor force participation rates in recent years, women are still at a disadvantaged position in the Turkish labor market relative to men, and Turkey is also one of the countries with a high level of gender inequality in economic participation and opportunity. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the gender poverty gap that might be one of the consequences of gender inequalities. In particular, we attempt to measure the size of the gender poverty gap using the data from 2018 Income and Living Conditions Survey (SILC). First, we explore the gender poverty gap across population subgroups disaggregated by individual, family structure and labor market characteristics. We find that the female poverty rates are higher than male poverty rates in all subgroups except formal employment workers. There is a significantly lower poverty rate for female formal workers than male formal workers. Second, we estimate linear probability models to measure the size of the gender poverty gap taking into account demographic and socioeconomic characteristics that may affect the gender poverty gap. Our findings reveal that a significant gender poverty gap exists in Turkey. This result is robust to controlling for individual, family and labor market characteristics.
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Author Name: Gürdal Aslan
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Keywords: Gender, Poverty, Turkey, SILC