Background and Purpose: Musculoskeletal disorders represent largest category of work related illness in India. Variety of internal and external factors leads to postural stress in vehicle drivers that affects the functioning of musculoskeletal system. Vibration, studied extensively among various risk factors causing musculoskeletal disorders. Hence, the current study focused on various risk factors.
Objectives: To know the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and their association with possible risk factors in auto rickshaw drivers.
Investigation Tools: Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire (NMSQ), inch tape, vibrometer.
Methodology: NMSQ has been used to document prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in 300 subjects. vibrometer and inch tape were used to measure risk factors like driver’s seat vibration and workspace envelope (shoulder to handle distance, lower cabin space). Associations with risk factors were analyzed by logistic regression.
Results: Work experience and working hours per week showed a significant positive association with knee problems (p=0.009, p=0.006 respectively).Shoulder to handle distance on right side showed significant negative association with knee problems (p=0.013).Driver’s seat vibration showed strong significant positive association with low backache (p=0.000).No variable showed significant association with neck troubles. Working experience and lower cabin space are significantly associated with ankle problems (p=0.012, p=0.045 respectively).Age, work experience and shoulder to handle distance on left side showed significant positive association with general musculoskeletal troubles (p=0.029, p= 0.005, p=0.045 respectively).
Conclusion: Lower back, knee, neck and ankle troubles are more prevalent in auto rickshaw drivers. Increasing age, work experience, maximum working hours per week, increased left shoulder to handle distance and greater driver’s seat vibrations are increasing the risk of musculoskeletal disorders. Restricted lower cabin space and reduced shoulder to handle distance on right side also increased the risk of musculoskeletal disorders.
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Author Name: Rahul Shaik, Christie Kiran Gotru, Chintada Ganapathi Swamy, R. Sandeep.
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Keywords: Auto rickshaw drivers, Musculoskeletal disorders, Workspace envelope, Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire.